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Underground Railroad: runaway slaves to the north

Runaway slaves used the underground railroad to escape to the north which was Canada.

  1. Amazing Grace (John Newton, slave ship captain…

They composed the coded songs in order to deceive the vigilance of their masters. I will sing to you g (2) ‘Go down Moses’ in the spirit and context of the time.
It is believed that the beginning of this clandestine activity dates back to 1787, when Isaac T. Hopper, a Quaker, began to set up an organization to hide and aid the fugitives. Opponents of slavery made their home, called Station, available to the fugitives. They found shelter there, something to eat and a little money to continue their journey. The various routes crossed fourteen northern states and Canada. It is estimated that around 1850, around 3,000 people were working for the Underground Railroad. The most famous was called: Salmon Chase, Fréderick Douglass and of course the others …….

3rd song: Oh freedom Oh freedom Oh freedom over me

This road was also people known as conductors who went down south to guide fugitives and get them to safety. Perhaps one of the best known of these drivers is Harriet Tubman, a former slave who made 19 secret journeys in the South during which she led more than 300 slaves to freedom. Harriet Tubman was seen as such a threat by slavers that the plantation owners offered $ 40,000 as a reward for her capture.

4th Song: Wade in the water children

GREAT NEGRO SPIRITUAL SONG

The stations were about 20 miles apart. Drivers used covered wagons or double-bottomed carts to transport slaves from one station to another. In general, the fugitives hid during the day and traveled at night. Those involved in the organization signaled their station to the fugitives by lighting candles in the windows and placing lanterns on their façades. By the mid-19th century, it was estimated that over 50,000 slaves had fled the south using the structures of the underground Railroad

5th song: Swing low sweet chariot


The owners of the plantations were annoyed by the large number of slaves who had managed to escape to the north. A law was passed on fugitives (1850). Anyone providing aid to a fugitive, either by sheltering him or providing him with food or any form of assistance, would be penalized with 6 months’ imprisonment and a $ 1,000 fine. fugitives failed to stop the action of the Underground Railroad despite the multitude of penalties inflicted on it.

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